Reflection & Ventilation

A Two Step Strategy for Cooling Your Home

A house that gets uncomfortably hot or humid can make warmer summer temperatures more difficult to enjoy. The good news is there are a number of strategies you can use to keep your home cool, which don’t rely on energy-consuming air conditioners and fans. Reflection and ventilation are two basic concepts that – when properly applied – can be highly effective methods for cooling your home.

Step 1 – Reflect Heat Away from the Exterior:

When it comes to cooling your home, it’s helpful to work from the outside in, and focus first on reflecting away the sun’s warming rays. Home exteriors can absorb up to 90 percent of the radiant energy from the sun, so it is important to mitigate this issue where- and when-ever possible.

Roofs

About a third of the unwanted heat that builds up in your home comes in through the roof. Traditional roofing materials such as asphalt and fiberglass can absorb up to 70% of solar radiation, which is then transferred into your home by way of conduction.

One way to address this issue is to apply a reflective coating to your existing roof. There are two types of coatings available at your local hardware store or lumber yard – one is a white latex coating and the other is asphalt based and, contains glass fibers and aluminum particles. Both types have waterproof and reflective properties and are marketed primarily for mobile homes and recreational vehicles.

Another way to reflect heat off your roof is to install a radiant barrier on the underside. A radiant barrier is simply a sheet of aluminum foil with a paper backing. When installed correctly, this type of barrier can reduce heat gains through your ceiling by up to 25 percent.

Walls

Wall color is not as important as roof color, but it does affect heat gain somewhat. White exterior walls absorb less heat than dark walls. And light, bright walls increase the longevity of siding, particularly on the east, west, and south sides of the house.

Windows

Roughly 40 percent of the unwanted heat that builds up in your home comes in through windows. Reflective window coatings are one way to reflect heat away from your home. These coatings are plastic sheets treated with dyes or thin layers of metal. Besides keeping your house cooler, these coatings also cut glare and reduce fading of furniture, draperies, and carpeting.

Two main types of coatings include sun-control films and combination films. Sun-control films are best for warmer climates because they can reflect as much as 80 percent of the incoming sunlight. Many of these films are tinted, however, and tend to reduce light transmission as much as they reduce heat, thereby darkening the room. Combination films allow some light into a room but they also let some heat in and prevent interior heat from escaping. These films are best for climates that have both hot and cold seasons.

Note: Do not place reflective coatings on south-facing windows if you want to take advantage of heat gain during the winter.

Step 2 – Remove Built Up Heat on the Interior

Reflecting heat away from the home is only one piece of the puzzle, however, one of the most important things you can do to cool down your home is to force existing warm air out and encourage cool air to enter.

This strategy only works, however, when the inside temperature is higher than the outside temperature, so the key is to only ventilate during the coolest parts of the day or night, and seal off your house from the hot sun and air during the hottest parts of the day. The climate you live in will determine the best ventilation times.

> In areas with cool nights and very hot days: let the night air in to cool your house. A well-insulated house will gain only 1° F (0.6° C) per hour if the outside temperature is 85° to 90° F (29° to 32° C). By the time the interior heats up, the outside air should be cooler and can be allowed indoors.

> In climates with daytime breezes, open windows on the side the breeze is coming from and on the opposite side of the house. Keep interior doors open to encourage whole-house ventilation. If your location lacks consistent breezes, create them by opening windows at the lowest and highest points in your house. This natural "thermosiphoning," or "chimney," effect can be taken a step further by adding a clerestory or a vented skylight.

In hot, humid climates where temperature swings between day and night are small,ventilate when humidity is not excessive. Ventilating your attic greatly reduces the amount of accumulated heat, which eventually works its way into the main part of your house. Ventilated attics are about 30° F (16° C) cooler than unventilated attics. Properly sized and placed louvers and roof vents help prevent moisture buildup and overheating in your attic.


Source: DoItYourself.com